Organization for the Protection of Race, Religion, and Belief


Here is news of a meeting of Buddhist monks held in Mandalay on 15 January launching the ‘Organization for the Protection of Race, Religion, and Belief’, reported in Radio Free Asia.

One prominent monk is quoted:

‘Forming this association makes us stronger, as if we have built a fortress in Upper Myanmar which people from different religions won’t be able to destroy,’

Additional information about this meeting has now been reported by Aung Ko Oo:

‘Thousands of Buddhist monks at a meeting in Mandalay have vowed to campaign for a law banning interfaith marriage until it is enacted by parliament.

The pledge was included in an 11-point statement agreed by an estimated 30,000 monks late on January 15 at a meeting held at Mandalay’s Maha Ahtulawaiyan monastery.

The meeting also resulted in the creation of the Upper Myanmar Organization for the Protection of Nation and Religion (UMOPNR).

In their 11-point statement, the monks pledged to strive for the protection “of defenceless Myanmar men and women” until a draft law banning interfaith marriage was enacted and
called for the enforcement of the 1982 Citizenship Law “in the interests of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and its citizens”.

The statement said constitutional reform should focus on the long-term interests of Myanmar and its people.

It said the monks objected to the activities of “internal and external elements” who were providing encouragement to organizations and groups that are not included in the list of national races named in the 2008 Constitution.

The statement said there should be a review of members of parliament who are not on the list of national races and that voting rights should be withdrawn from those holding temporary national identification cards.

It expressed thanks to members of the government who had attended the meeting and expressed support for forming the UMOPNR.

The statement also called on the media “as the fourth pillar of the democratic state, to report accurately and fairly in line with their ethical responsibility not to harm the interests of the nation and religion” and urged all citizens to refrain from speech and actions that may hurt the feelings of those of different faiths.’

This is also reported by Zarni Mann in the Irrawaddy:

‘Thousands of Buddhist monks who gathered at a conference in Mandalay will continue to submit signatures to Parliament in support of a proposed law that would restrict interfaith marriages between Buddhist women and men of other faiths.

The monks also said they supported proposed legislation that would restrict the rights of ethnic Rohingya Muslims in west Burma to form political parties or vote.

More than 10,000 monks attended the conference at A Tu Ma Shi monastery on Wednesday. They said the draft interfaith marriage law, which emerged after a monks’ conference in Rangoon last year, would be sent to Parliament with help from the National Democratic Front (NDF). If passed, the law would force Buddhist women to get permission from their parents and local government officials before marrying a man of any other faith. A non-Buddhist man wishing to marry a Buddhist woman would be required to convert to Buddhism.

“Daw Khin Wine Kyi from the NDF party promised to help with the law,” said U Yattha, a leading monk. “We are not actually involved in drafting this law, although some people have accused us of getting involved in politics as monks. We are just helping because it is very important for this law to be enacted, as the marriage law of 1954 is not enough to protect women and children from being converted to other religions or nationalities.”

After Buddhist monks first proposed the idea for the draft law last year, they hired lawyers to take care of writing it. At the time, the bill was promoted as a way to protect Buddhist women from marrying Muslim men and potentially being forced to convert to Islam.

The proposal came amid heightened religious tensions in Buddhist-majority Burma, following a number of anti-Muslim riots across the country that left hundreds dead and nearly 2,000 people displaced. The majority of victims were Muslims, especially Rohingyas in the western state of Arakan.

A nationalist anti-Muslim group known as 969 also collected signatures last year to support the draft interfaith marriage law. The group calls on Buddhists to shun Muslim-run businesses and is led by nationalist monk Wirathu, who resides at a monastery in Mandalay and also attended the conference on Wednesday.

At the conference, leading monks said about 3 million signatures from across the country had been given to NDF lawmakers, for submission together with the draft law, while another 1 million signatures would be sent to the party soon.

“We believe more signatures will come, and of course we will submit them to Parliament,” U Yattha said. “We will continue pushing for the passage of the interfaith marriage draft law—we will not stop until the law is enacted.”

U Eainda Sakka Biwuntha said the goal was not to single out any particular faith.

“The marriage law is not only to protect Buddhists. Other religions will also have legal protections from this law as well,” he said.

“We do not know why only Muslims have raised concerns and taken this proposal as a threat, while others, the Hindus and Christians, are silent. This is a question we want to have answered.”

In a statement released at the conference, the monks said they also supported a separate bill to restrict the rights of temporary ID holders to forming political parties or voting. The bill, expected to be put forward in Parliament in the coming weeks, is seen as targeting Muslims because thousands of Rohingyas were given temporary IDs, or “white cards,” before the 2010 elections, enabling them to vote.

The statement also encouraged media to report impartially on religious conflicts.

“Some of the reporting about the clashes between Buddhists and Muslims has been biased, creating more tension between the two groups,” U Eainda Sakka Biwuntha said. “For this conference, too, if the media reports in a biased way, or if they quote monks who are not spokespersons, we will sue them.”

The monks urged reporters to use the term “Bengali” when referring to the 800,000 or so people in Arakan State known internationally as Rohingyas. Many Buddhists in the state accuse the Rohingyas of being illegal immigrants from neighboring Bangladesh, and the government also calls them as Bengalis while largely denying them citizenship.

The monks at the conference formed an Upper Burma chapter of the Group to Protect Nationality, Religion and the Buddhist Mission, a nationwide non-government organization that was established last year.

The group says it seeks to support the draft interfaith marriage law, to prevent religious conversions, and to dispel rumors that can enflame religious tensions. “For example, the recent incident in Meikhtila was based on rumors about the fighting between Buddhists and Muslims,” U Eainda Sakka Biwuntha said, referring to anti-Muslim riots that left over 40 people dead last year in March. “The situation was eased because our group members rushed to the area, investigated the reality and spread the truth to the public. …That’s one activity our group will continue to do in the future, for the stability of the country.”

The Upper Burma chapter said it would educate children about Buddhism, encouraging them to respect and maintain their own religion and nationalism.

Other well-known senior monks at the conference included Sayadaw Insein Ywama, Sayadaw Sitagu, Sayadaw Shwe Nya War, Sayadaw Galone Ni, and abbots from Shwe Kyin monastery.

Some monks emphasized the need for peace in efforts to protect Buddhism.

“It is important to be patient and work with forgiveness in order to maintain the Sasana [Buddhist mission],” said Sayadaw Sitagu, also known as U Nyar Neitthara.’


6 thoughts on “Organization for the Protection of Race, Religion, and Belief

  1. Hi Dr Paul,

    Happy New Year! Thank you for your wonderful knowledge sharing activities.

    For me, these squabbling Myanmar monk problems are to fight fire with fire. My vindication is they are obviously attempting to transform Buddha’s noble teachings into their practices of intolerance. To fight this Myanmar inferno with fire, I am glad to see a Pali Cannon expert as you are.

    To express my brief opinion, organizing this meeting is the schism offense (Sangha-beda). As far as I can remember from the Pali Cannon, not more than four monks are allowed to gather for inciting, voting, and working for the non-Dharma cause (since the Primary Affiliation’s cause is only for realization of Dharma (Pattivedha) that as Bikkhu Bodhi said only the ONE WAY!

    And the monks who know that they are inciting for the non-dharma ways are to be expelled from the community and they are defeated as in the parajika offense. Seeing this message, I am now managing to write a Burmese article on this topic. Do you know Burmese well?

    With metta,
    Your Dharma friend

    • Actually, the one who should say thank you is me. I learned illuminating insights from your two articles on Burma. Looking forward to learn more!

      On Sun, Jan 19, 2014 at 6:11 PM, Dr Paul Fuller: Buddhist Studies wrote:

      > Paul Fuller commented: “Thank you Nyo Tun. I agree with many of the > things you say.” >

  2. Pingback: The Organisation for the Protection ( ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရး) of National Race (အမ်ိဳး) and Religion (ဘာသာသာသနာ) – OPNRR | Dr Paul Fuller: Buddhist Studies

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